Sunday, December 14, 2014

Ancestor Stories: Hopkins, Alden, Bartlett, Bradford, Brewster, Chilton, Cushman, Fuller, Harlow, Hopkins, Irish, Snow, Standish, Warren

These ancestor stories were contributed by Ella Mabie and are from the "House of Burgesses Ancestor Roster Book", which is only on CD will be available at our February meeting, the 100th Anniversary Celebration of our Society. This group of ancestors is from Plymouth.  If the information is not cited, it was supplied on the application or by the member.

      Stephen Hopkins was a passenger on the Mayflower, identified as one of the “strangers” recruited for the voyage. He was accompanied by his wife, Elizabeth Fisher, and children Constance, Giles, Damaris, and Oceanus, who was born during the voyage.  He was called Master and only two others on the voyage were so styled. He was probably the same young man who served as minister’s clerk on the vessel "Sea Venture" which sailed from London in 1609 bound for Virginia. The ship was severely damaged in a hurricane and the company washed ashore on the Ile of Divels. The 150 survivors were marooned for nine months, building two vessels, which took them to Virginia. The newly built Patience and Deliverance arrived in Jamestown in 1610. It is presumed he soon returned home to England to his family.
      The home in England was just outside of London Wall. In his neighborhood lived John Carver, William Bradford, Robert Cushman, and Edward Southworth. Stephen was a tanner or leather-maker at the time of the Mayflower voyage. Stephen had two children by his first wife and seven children by his second wife. 
      Upon the ships arrival at Cape Cod in 1620, Stephen was among the men signing the Mayflower Compact. He was one of three men designated to provide counsel and advice to Captain Miles Standish on the land expedition in the New World. Stephen was able to explain the function and dangers of an Indian deer trap they found. When Indians appeared he went with Captain Standish to negotiate with the savages, thereafter he was deputized to meet the Indians and act as interpreter. He served as envoy to Chief Massasoit and he often entertained another Indian named Samoset in his own home. He was referred to as a merchant and a planter in Plymouth records, and was also known as Gentleman or Master. 
      He kept throughout his life the original home he made upon his arrival. He had other homes but always returned to the original home. He built and owned the first wharf in the Plymouth Colony. He was made freeman in 1633, served as Assistant in the Colony from 1633 to 1636, and was a volunteer in the Pequot War of 1637. 
      Despite the mortality caused by tribulations of the voyage and first winter in New England, Stephen’s household of 8 persons was one of only four households that escaped loss. 
       John Alden migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower. His first residence was Plymouth, and in 1632 he removed to Duxbury. His occupation was Cooper. In 1633 he was on the Plymouth list of freemen, among those admitted prior to 1 Jan 1632/33. Although there is no direct evidence for his literary and educational attainments, his extensive public service, including especially his appointments as colony treasurer and to committees on revising the laws, certainly indicates that he must have been well-educated. He is listed in Duxbury as a man able to bear arms. Duxbury listed him as Assistant, Deputy for Duxbury to Plymouth General Court, Acting Deputy General, Treasurer, Council of War, Committee to revise laws, Committee on Kennebec trade, and numerous other minor posts and committees by Plymouth General Court. In 1623 Plymouth land division granted him an unknown number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
      Robert Bartlett migrated in 1623 on the Anne.  He resided in Plymouth, and was a Wine Cooper.  He was listed as Freeman in the 1633 Plymouth list. Robert signed all deeds with a mark. He worked on the committee to lay out highways, the Plymouth petit jury, Plymouth grand jury, surveyor of highways, committee to lay out land, and was able to bear arms. He was granted 1 acre of land as a passenger on Anne. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
      William Bradford migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower. He resided in Plymouth and was Magistrate. He was a prominent member of the Scrooby congregation in Leiden and Plymouth.  He was listed on the Freeman list of 1633 at Plymouth. Although not educated at any university, he could hold his own with those that were. His library was one of the most extensive among the first settlers. Like many ministers, he had a knowledge of many languages, including Hebrew. His education is evident in his many writings. He was the Governor of Plymouth Colony, Plymouth Colony Assistant, Plymouth Commissioner of the United Colonies. He received 3 acres of land as passenger on the Mayflower. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
       William Brewster migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower. He was accompanied by his wife, Mary, and two children Love and Wrestling. He resided in Plymouth and removed to Duxbury. He was a printer in Leiden and one of the original members of the separatist congregation at Scrooby. He became the elder and teacher of the Leyden Church in Holland. He was lay leader and preached to the congregation at Plymouth regularly. He was listed on the 1633 Freeman list at Plymouth. He entered Peterhouse, Cambridge but did not graduate. He had an extensive library with titles in Latin and English. He received 6 acres of land as passenger on the Mayflower. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
       James Chilton migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower with his wife and one child, Mary. He died before the Mayflower reached Plymouth. He was a tailor at Leiden. In the 1623 land division his wife, Marie, received an unknown number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
      Thomas Cushman was the son of Robert Cushman, and arrived on the first ship after the Mayflower, the Fortune in 1621. Thomas, aged 14, was left in Plymouth with William Bradford. His father, Robert, returned to England and died the next year. Thomas was brought up by Bradford and was chosen Ruling Elder in 1649 to succeed Elder Brewster. Thomas received two acres in partnership with William Beale as passengers on the Fortune. He was admitted Freeman 1 Jan 1633/4 and married the daughter of Isaac Allerton. From "The Great Migration Begins".
      Edward Fuller migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower with his wife, son, Samuel, and brother, Samuel. In a 1623 land division, Edward's son, Samuel, received 3 acres of land as passenger on the Mayflower. Bradford reported that Edward Fuller and his wife died soon after coming ashore but son Samuel lived, married and had four or more children.  From "The Great Migration Begins".         
      William Harlow Old Fort Meeting House: For his many services he received as payment the timbers of the Old Fort when it was dismantled after fear of Indian attacks had ceased. His house was built from those original timbers in 1677 and was still standing in 1974 at 119 Sandwich St. in Plymouth. Today the pilgrim household life is reenacted and open daily to the public. 
    Constance Hopkins came on the Mayflower with her family. She was a 14 year old girl and sure to have been a great help to her mother, who had a baby during the voyage.  She married Nicholas Snow who arrived on the Anne in 1623, and bore him twelve children. They moved to Eastham, Massachusetts around 1647. 
       John Irish lived in Plymouth and Rhode Island Colonies. He was a Volunteer for Pequot War, 1633-1637 under Captain Myles Standish in 1643, and surveyor of lands in Duxbury, Plymouth. He migrated in 1630, resided in Plymouth, and removed to Duxbury. He was a laborer, roper, planter and signed his deeds by a mark. Listed as able to bear arms, he was willing to serve in the Pequot War April 1637. From "The Great Migration Begins".  
      Nicholas Snow arrived on the Anne in 1623 and was made Freeman at Plymouth in 1633. His occupation was carpenter. By 1627 he married Constance Hopkins, who arrived on the Mayflower, and they had 12 children. He was named in 1634 to lay out highways at Plymouth, and he served there as arbitrator, surveyor of highways and on juries.  By 1645 he settled at Eastham where he served as clerk, selectman, deputy, constable, highway surveyor, excise collector, and on court committees.  His will shows he was a landowner of several parcels, left livestock and household goods, had a lengthy inventory including many cooper’s and carpenter’s tools, and a parcel of old books. 
      Myles Standish, from Holland, arrived at Plymouth in 1620 on the Mayflower with his wife, Rose. His occupation was soldier. He was a Captain and the military commander. He was made a Freeman in 1636. Rose, died in the first wave of sickness in Plymouth, and his second wife, Barbara, arrived on the Anne in 1623. They had four sons. Myles was a leader of the first and third discovery expeditions on Cape Cod in 1620. In 1623 Myles went to trade with the Indians. In 1625 he returned to England with papers from the Colony and returned in 1626. He was Plymouth’s acting Governor, Assistant Governor, Treasurer, and served on the Council of War. His inventory included several books, several guns, cattle, and real estate.
      Richard Warren migrated in 1620 on the Mayflower and resided in Plymouth. In a 1623 land division he received an uncertain number of acres as a passenger on the Mayflower and as passenger on the Anne (presumably for his wife and children). He was in the party that explored the outer cape in early December 1620. From "The Great Migration Begins".

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